to criticize an argumentto show that a part of the philosopher’s argument is flawed…. 1 answer below »

The purpose of this assignment is to criticize an argument, i.e., to show that a part of the philosopher's argument is flawed. Choose one of the two arguments given to you.
(a) Be sure that you understand the argument before you criticize it.
(b) Criticize a premise or the conclusion or the structure of the argument.
(c) Criticize justone pointof the argument.
Assignments that miss these three points will receive a substantial reduction in points. You can use the work of a philosopher to help you develop your criticism.
2. Additional Requirements
(a)The document should have a maximum of 750 words. Please do not include the prompt in your text. Just write the title of your chosen argument.
(b) Be sure to cite your sources correctly, if any.
3. Grading Criteria
(a) Fulfillment of the aforementioned purpose and additional requirements.
(b) Comprehension of the philosopher's argument.
(c) Criticism: the quality of your criticism of the argument.
(d) Clarity.
(e) Grammar.
(f) Spelling.
4. Plagiarismwill resultat a minimumin an "F" grade (0%) for the assignmentandthe student will be reported to University authorities.
Argument Given:
1)Suicide in Plato’sPhaedo
Why Suicide is Wrong(Plato,Phaedo, 61d – 62e).
2)Existence and Essence in Sartre’sExistentialism is a Humanism
"What do we mean here by "existence precedes essence"? We mean that man first exists: he materializes in the world, encounters himself, and only afterward defines himself. If man as existentialists conceive of him cannot be defined, it is because to begin with he is nothing. He will not be anything until later, and then he will be what he makes of himself. Thus, there is no human nature since there is no God to conceive of it. Man is not only that which he conceives himself to be, but that which he wills himself to be, and since he conceives of himself only after he exists, just as he wills himself to be after being thrown into existence, man is nothing other than what he makes of himself." (Sartre,Existentialism is a Humanism, pg. 22).

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