Respond to 2 Classmate Posts for Social Welfare Course, sociology homework help

Each response must be at least 150 words with 1 reference….please separate each response


Until recent years mental health coverage has been an issue for all Americans. Per our text funding mental health services is characterized by many insurance companies as the four ?uns?, it is undefinable, untreatable, unpredictable, and unmanageable (Popple & Leighninger 2015).

In the case of Stephanie Parker, Stephanie is a 48 year old Caucasian female who currently resides with her 72 year old mother. Sara and her mother have lived together for the past 10 years. Stephanie has a diagnosis of bipolar disorder. When she was 16 years old she was hospitalized after her first bipolar episode. Stephanie has been hospitalized three times in the past 4 years when she stopped taking her medication and experienced suicidal ideation (Plummer, Makris, & Brocksen 2014).

What was apparent in the session?s video is when Stephanie stated that on her third hospital visit they ?kicked her out?. She indicated seeing the same doctors and nurses almost as she was treated as a regular. What I got from the video is that they treated Stephanie but after treatment she was discharged and sent on her way ?good reddens and good luck? (Laureate Education (Producer) 2013). I believe most patients feel that way after discharging from a psychiatric hospital. In Reno we have only one psychiatric hospital and their reputation is not very good. When my employment assess a client and hospitalization is recommend most will leave to Southern California which is 2 hours away before going to the local hospital. As a case manager I have also experienced troubles with having them assist in after care services as it is their job to discharge and not follow through with client?s treatment. Providing after care services is as difficult as it is stated within the video.

It is said that mental illness and substance use (co-occurring disorder) is at a high time rate. With factors to include self-medication, genetic vulnerability, environment, and lifestyle being the underlying effect on mental illness(Buckley 2007). Providing the appropriate care with limiting mental coverage or facilities to treat can cause individuals to not receive proper care for their disorder. The harm for inappropriate treatment can result in increased suicide risk, aggression, poor self-care, and higher risk for incarceration (Buckley 2007).


Buckley, P. F. (2007). Dual Diagnosis of Substance Abuse and Severe Mental Illness: The Scope of the Problem. Journal Of Dual Diagnosis, 3(2), 59-62. doi:10.1300/J374v03n02-07

Laureate Education (Producer). (2013). Sessions: Parker family (Episode 5 of 42)[Video file]. Retrieved from

Plummer, S. -B., Makris, S., & Brocksen, S. (Eds.). (2014). Sessions: Case histories. Baltimore: MD: Laureate International Universities Publishing. [Vital Source e-reader].

(6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education The policy-based profession: An introduction to social welfare policy analysis for social workers.Popple, P. R., & Leighninger, L. (2015).


Mental health as recently seen a rise is awareness thanks to such campaigns as NAMI and the semi-colon movement, but the stigma around mental health continues to face several barriers to this day. Those with mental health concerns are frequently viewed as less than normal, as well as the government cutting some funding to the resources of mental health services, which has put a large shortage on properly funded resources and professionals. Mental health has a ling history of being shunned from the general public, and not even 100 years ago, those with mental health problems were sent outside of the villages, away from public eye. Community centers have helped spread awareness and allowed for those with mental health concerns to continue to thrive within society rather than being removed from it, but the stigma of being shunned still exists today.

“One of the difficulties in planning for and funding mental health services is that, in the eyes of many insurers and employers (among others), mental illness is characterized by the four “uns”- it is, :undefinable, untreatable, unpredictable, and unmanageable.”(Popple & Leighninger, 2015, p. 165) These stigmas make it harder for those identified with a mental illness to obtain employment, receive benefits and services and ultimately leave a majority of those with mental health concerns in impoverish situations which then increases their risks for further problems such as health and substance abuse concerns. Such is the case with the Parker family, in which a daughter and her elderly mother are living together to meet ends meet, but the daughter is fighting bipolar disorder while the mother is exhibiting hoarding tendencies and potential dementia concerns. These mental health concerns for both mother and daughter have no doubt helped exacerbate their current living situation and have added to their financial difficulties and access to resources.

We are in desperate need of further policies and programmes to help those in need of mental health services, “despite wide recognition of the importance of national mental health policies, data collected by WHO reveal that 40.5% of countries have no mental health policy and that 30.3% have no programme.”(World Health Organization, 2004, p. 2)

Popple, P.R., & Leighninger, L. (2015). The Policy Based Profession: An Introduction to Social Welfare Policy Analysis for Social Workers. (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.

World Health Organization. (2004). Mental Health Policy and Service Guidance Package: Mental Health Policy, Plans, and Programmes. Retrieved from…

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