FINANCE AND BUDGETING FOR THE PUBLIC SECTOR

Question (CXU9a) (Separate Paper) Due April 20th 2018

Write a 6- to 8-page paper (not including title page and reference page) that addresses the following:

Expenditure Drivers: Identify the 3 departments which get the most general fund resources. What inputs to the production process are the primary drivers of the budget? In other words, what expenditure categories are most important in the total spending by each of the departments? Assess if the expenditures support the stated mission of the government and the needs of the community. (2 pages).

Recommendations for Reducing Expenditures: Consider how the city or county selected should adjust expenditures if faced with a revenue shortfall. If the government was faced with a 2% reduction in general fund resources in the next fiscal year, what would the dollar amount of the needed expenditure reductions be assuming there was no other offsetting revenue? Based on your review of the budget, what are 3 specific expenditure reductions you would recommend to close at least half of this shortfall? In your recommendation, describe what considerations you used in making these recommendations. They could include strategies from the Mikesell text or academic literature about how other governments prioritize expenditures. (2 ? 2 ½ pages)

Recommendations for Funding New Needs: Find a documented unmet need in your city or county that would be appropriate for the local government to address. This documentation can come from government documents or local news media. Justify why the city or county government should provide funding to address this need. As part of your analysis, provide the community benefits of funding such a need as well as specific recommendation on how the need should be funded. This can be through reduction in other expenditures, increases in revenue sources, or a combination of both. (2 pages)

Conclusion: In your conclusion, assess the challenge of determining how to best allocate expenditures to serve the needs of the community given limited resources.

Resources for CXU9A:

Mikesell, J. L. (2014). Fiscal administration: Analysis and applications for the public sector (9th ed.). Boston, MA: Wadsworth.

  • Chapter 4, “State and Local Budgets” (pp. 152?173)
  • Chapter 5, “Budget Methods and Practices” (pp. 178-218)

Question (CXU10a) (Separate Paper) Due April 20th 2018
Write a brief description of a major capital investment, e.g., property, buildings, building additions, equipment, software, or technology that will last more than a year, that you might recommend for the public organization. Discuss how the use of cost benefit analysis could be use to determine if this investement is a financially sound one for the organization. Then, analyze its potential pay-offs and risks, and explain how the organization might mitigate those risks.

Question (CXU10b) (Separate Paper) Due April 20th 2018

Select a public organization (federal, state, or local) with which you are familiar. This may be an organization for which you currently work or have worked, know about from others, or have learned about through academic resources and/or the media, as long as it is not a non-profit organization or a private for-profit organization.

Write about the following:

Mission and goals of the organization

Ethical considerations related to finance and budgeting within the organization

Technological considerations for improving the efficiency or effectiveness of finance and budgeting within the organization

Applicable laws, regulations, and policies impacting the organization’s financial and budgetary operations

Evaluation of the organization’s budget process and revenue sources

Internal factors impacting successful strategic financial planning

The organization’s usage of cost-benefit analysis

Evaluation of the organization?s annual financial report

Assessment of the organization’s overall financial condition

This write up must demonstrate both breadth and depth of knowledge and critical thinking appropriate to graduate-level scholarship.

Resources for CXU10A&B:

Mikesell, J. L. (2014). Fiscal administration: Analysis and applications for the public sector (9th ed.). Boston, MA: Wadsworth.

  • Chapter 7, “Capital Budgeting, Time Value of Money, and Cost-Benefit Analysis: Process, Structure, and Basic Tools” (pp. 299?337)
  • Chapter 15, “Debt Administration” (pp. 634?675)

Question (CXU11a) (Separate Paper) Due April 20th 2018

Write an explanation of the financial benefits and limitations of global partnerships. Provide specific evidence of one positive or one negative impact of globalization on a government organization.

Question (CXU11b) (Separate Paper) Due April 20th 2018

Write a reflection on the insights you gained in this course. Then, explain how you, as a present or future professional in public administration, plan to effect social change.

Resources for CXU11A&B:

Mikesell, J. L. (2014). Fiscal administration: Analysis and applications for the public sector (9th ed.). Boston, MA: Wadsworth.

  • Chapter 2, “The Logic of the Budget Process” (pp. 38?83)

St. John, E. P. (2013). Social justice & globalization. Harvard International Review, 35(1), 45?49.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

Yale Center for the Study of Globalization. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.ycsg.yale.edu

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